ICCI Ramadan Box
Every Muslim is required to pay Zakat al-Fitr during the month of Ramadan as a token of thankfulness to God for having enabled him to observe fasts. Its purpose is to purify those who fast from any indecent act or speech and to help the poor and needy. This view is based upon the hadith, “The Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, enjoined Zakat al-Fitr on those who fast to shield them from any indecent act or speech, and for the purpose of providing food for the needy." ( narrated by Abû Dâwûd). It is accepted as Zakah for the one who pays it before the `Eid prayer, and it is sadaqah for the one who pays it after the prayer.
There is no doubt that fasting during the month of Ramadan is an obligation prescribed for all adult Muslims except for the elderly and Muslims suffering from chronic diseases and Muslims in similar situations, where they can not observe fasting. They should pay ransom. The fasting ransom is specified as feeding one person per day.
Kaffarah is the compensation that you must pay if you deliberately miss or break a fast in the month of Ramadan without a valid reason.