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The IUCN Red List, the most comprehensive, objective global record of the conservation status of plant and animal species. As the Red List Authority for birds, we’re pleased to see several positive stories for birds, such as the Dalmatian Pelican, which has been ‘downlisted’ from Vulnerable to Near Threatened, as their populations recover thanks to the conservation efforts including BirdLife Partners. More positive news comes from the Galapagos, where the population of Floreana Mockingbird has recovered sufficiently to be reclassified from Critically Endangered to Endangered following a succession of successful breeding seasons.
Sadly it’s not all good news.
Over one-quarter of the 238 bird species reassessed by BirdLife for the latest IUCN Red List update have been ‘uplisted’ to higher threat categories.
The Snowy Owl is now considered threatened with extinction for the first time, jumping from Least Concern to Vulnerable, with its population, which is much smaller than previously thought, declining by 30-49% in three generations. Climate change is among a number of threats to the species, affecting snowmelt which in turn reduces availability of rodent prey.
In Asia, the once-abundant Yellow-breasted Bunting has been ‘uplisted’ from Endangered to Critically Endangered, continuing a worrying trajectory: prior to 2004 this species was listed as Least Concern. Illegal trapping of the Bunting for food in China is a key threat.
But BirdLife won’t stop working to try to turn these statistics around.
We know it won’t be easy and will take time, but it can be done. The Okarito Kiwi and the Northern Brown Kiwi are perfect examples. These species, which are found in the south and north islands of New Zealand respectively, have started to recover thanks to successful conservation work by the BirdLife Partner, Forest and Bird, and others.
Both species of Kiwi have been facing threats including habitat loss and predation by introduced mammals, such as stoats and feral cats. The Northern Brown Kiwi is also threatened by predation from introduced ferrets and dogs.
Government and community conservation efforts have focused on predator control, and rescuing and incubating eggs for later release into the wild. The Okarito Kiwi has increased from 160 individuals in 1995 to between 400 and 450 adults today.
You can help us create more positive stories for birds like the Okarito Kiwi.
The Red List is so much more than just a list. It is a tool used by conservationists worldwide, underpinning much of BirdLife’s work, from identifying key sites to conserving seabirds and migratory species. Your contribution will allow us to scale up our work to research and protect threatened species around the globe, providing a brighter future for birds, other nature and local people.